The Map below shows the line routing of the transmission line:
ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL SAFEGUARDS ASPECTS
1.Political, Legislative and Institutional Framework of the environmental and social aspects
1.1 Political and Legislative Framework
The Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) for the project was prepared in accordance with the Environmental Impact Assessment Guide in ECOWAS related to the energy sector; the regulation of Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea and the requirements of the funding institutions of the project: AfDB, EIB, KfW and the World Bank.
1.2 Institutional Framework
The institutional framework of the project on environmental and social issues includes environmental protection agencies and other institutions.
1.2.1. Environment Protection Agencies (EPA)
Their mission and attribution:
- ensure the integration of environmental requirements into development projects and programs;
- implement the impact assessment process and the assessment of the environmental impact of macro-economic policies
The jurisdiction of these agencies in this project includes:
- validating the Terms of Reference of the ESIA,
- assessing the ESIA report,
- monitoring the implementation of the Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) monitoring the environmental compliance of Companies’ activities in the energy sector, by carrying out environmental audits.
These are the agencies that deliver the Environmental Permit or Environmental Compliance Certificate.
In Sierra Leone, the EPA is known as SL_EPA; in Liberia EPA; in Guinée, the ‘Bureau d’Études et d’Évaluation Environnementale (BGEEE)’ and in CI, the ‘Agence Nationale de l’Environnement’
1.2.2. Other Institutions
- Cote d’Ivoire: Ministry of Construction, Housing Sanitation and Urbanization (MCLAU). This Ministry is responsible, through a commission, of the validation of Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) of the Project Affected People. Hence, the Resettlement Action Plan of the CLSG project has been validated by this ministry in Côte d’Ivoire.
- Liberia: Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy (MLM&E); the Bureau of Land Survey of this Ministry is the technical section of the Government that handles land demarcation and land survey.
- Sierra Leone: Ministry of Lands Country Planning and Environment (MLCPE) through the land valuation committee will participate in the process of land acquisition and transfer of titles as the final owner of land to be acquired and witness the whole process of compensation and resettlement.
- Guinée : Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization (MATD) through the National Directorate of Territorial Administration and Decentralization (DNATD) is the leader of all the institutions that will be involved in the implementation of the RAP of the interconnection project. It must ensure the effective implementation of the measures contained in the RAP. It must also prepare and submit for the signature of the Minister in charge of the administration; the decree setting up land commissions in the prefectures affected by the interconnection project.